Fujian Province, China
Fujian Province is located in the southwest of China, close to the island of Taiwan and at the crossroads of southern China. Fujian is said to be eight parts mountain, one part water and one part farmland, but the one part farmland covers some of the most important tea growing areas in all China.
Fujian Province is China's most linguistically and culturally diverse province, and this means that there are a great many ways of growing and preparing tea that originate here. The province is also ecologically rich, home to more than 300 different cultivars of the tea plant with more always emerging as hybrids are developed. The Wuyi Mountains in the north of Fujian are the home of black teas and oolongs, and the province is also the origin of white teas as well.
The other unique contribution that Fujian Province has made to the Chinese tea culture is the gongfu tea ceremony that emerged alongside similar practices in neighbouring Guangdong Province. This is a slightly ritualized tea preparation and presentation method, using a small teapot, small cups and a somewhat large amount of tea leaves to maximise the flavour and allow multiple re-infusions of the same leaves.